Donald D Hoffman a professor of cognitive science argues that the premise that those organisms that can sense the world as it really is are inherently more likely to endure is false. Contrarily he argues that those organisms that adapt to sense only that in the world that they need to sense to survive, will out-compete organisms that have a more comprehensive sensory ‘map’ inside their minds.
“As we go about our daily lives, we tend to assume that our perceptions—sights, sounds, textures, tastes—are an accurate portrayal of the real world. Sure, when we stop and think about it—or when we find ourselves fooled by a perceptual illusion—we realize with a jolt that what we perceive is never the world directly, but rather our brain’s best guess at what that world is like, a kind of internal simulation of an external reality. Still, we bank on the fact that our simulation is a reasonably decent one. If it wasn’t, wouldn’t evolution have weeded us out by now? The true reality might be forever beyond our reach, but surely our senses give us at least an inkling of what it’s really like.”
Not so, says Donald D. Hoffman, a professor of cognitive science at the University of California, Irvine.